Figs have no fat, no cholesterol as well as no sodium. Instead, they contain a lot of potassium, which can compensate for the sodium we consume from processed foods and help lower blood pressure. Their high potassium content can neutralize calcium secretion caused by high amounts of salt. This in turn helps to maintain calcium in the bones and reduces the risk of osteoporosis. Of other similar fruits, figs have the highest concentration of metals, and the second highest concentration of calcium after oranges. Half a cup of figs is equivalent to as much calcium as it is contained in half a cup of milk. The New York Wildlife Organization recently found that the high percentage of calcium found in wild figs ranks them as key fruits, very crucial to the survival of other plants and animals.
In addition, they have more fiber than usual fruits. One serving offers 20% of daily fiber needs, with more than 28% of them soluble. Soluble fiber has been shown to help control blood glucose, reduce cholesterol by binding it to the digestive system and increase the feeling of saturation.
Figs either as a fruit or as a snack are an ideal choice in the diet of adults and children because they offer fiber and are by nature sweet.
Figs have been used in skin treatments, stomach ache and those who wish to quit smoking. In addition, a study of diabetic individuals found that when fig leaf extract or tea was added to their breakfast meal, they achieved better glycaemic regulation and were able to reduce the dose of insulin.